Trading Price Action: What You Need to Know!

Trading Price Action: What You Need to Know!

One of the most commonly used trading strategies by investors and individual traders is price action trading. It entails examining an asset’s price fluctuations on a trading chart to find trading opportunities. Although learning price action can take some time, the fundamentals are simple enough even for non-experts to grasp.

Defining Price Action Trading

In order to spot trends and make trading decisions, price action traders examine how an asset’s price moves over time. Price action traders depend on the asset’s price chart instead of technical indicators like moving averages. By examining candlesticks and chart patterns like triangles, converging patterns, double tops, and more, traders can learn to analyze the chart.

Among the fundamental presumptions of price action trading are:

  • The price takes into account all of the market data. All of the knowledge about the asset and market is factored into the asset’s pricing.
  • Prices fluctuate in ranges and trends. Instead of moving at random, charts typically follow patterns that hold over time.
  • The past frequently repeats itself. When certain price patterns arise, comparable results are probably going to happen.

By examining past market trends and movements, price action traders try to forecast future moves. Typical tactics for analyzing price action consist of trend, range, and momentum trading.


Why Opt for Price Action Trading?

The following are a few of the key advantages that price action trading provides:

  • Simplicity: It does not rely on derived indicators but on actual pricing data.
  • Effectiveness: Eliminates distractions and concentrates on price, which is the primary market driver.
  • Flexibility: Adaptable to any market and any period of time.
  • Low Price: No requirement for multiple technical indicators or pricey charting software.

Beginners find price movements intriguing for these reasons. Even seasoned traders can still benefit from understanding these simple concepts. It is still strongly advised that traders study price action; in fact, some would argue that it is essential, even if they choose not to use it as their primary method of trading.


4 Techniques to Trade Price Action

Trend Trading
The goal of trend trading is to profit from long-term momentum in one direction. Rather than attempting to forecast reversals, the main idea is to trade higher time frames in the direction of the trend. Although trend trading is easy to grasp, it can be difficult to put into practice without clear exit strategies because positions can be held for an extended period of time, giving the trader the opportunity to keep their earnings.

The following are some essential instruments for trend trading with price action:

  • elevated peaks and elevated troughs.
  • Downtrend: lower highs and lower lows.
  • To determine the trend direction, use moving averages.
  • Volume to validate the trend’s strength.

Range Trading
Finding levels of support and resistance that limit the price movement of an asset is the process of range trading. The trader purchases as the price approaches support. They sell when the opposition starts to show.

Some price action-based range trading strategies include:

  • Markers for horizontal support and resistance.
  • Volume at levels of confirmation using support and resistance.
  • Candles with price rejection (Shooting Star, Doji).

A range-bound approach in the chart below would be to purchase at the support level, set a stop loss below the low, and sell at the resistance level.

Breakouts seek to identify possible trend start points in order to trade emerging trends early. Breakouts can be of two primary types:

  • Range breakouts: When the price breaks through either support or resistance.
  • Pattern breakouts: These occur when prices break out of recognizable chart patterns, such as flags, triangles, and so forth.

To use price action to trade breakouts:

  • Sketch important degrees of resistance and support.
  • Spot chart patterns such as channels and wedges.
  • Utilize volume to verify real breakouts.

Breakouts can swiftly result in enormous profits, but the key is timing your entry since markets can sometimes soar above the competition so there is no way to enter. A trader can put a buy limit order above the resistance level if he believes there will be a bullish break. This is a dangerous technique since there is a high possibility of fakeouts, which occur when the price makes a breakout in the intended direction but fails to hold and returns to the support level. Depending on the time frame chosen, traders can choose to wait for a clean closure above the breakout in order to circumvent this entry system problem.

Momentum Trading
The goal of momentum trading is to profit from continuation patterns and market fluctuations. Traders will attempt to pinpoint the exact time when trends and breakouts gather up steam. Pennants, rectangles, wedges, and flags are a few instances of continuation patterns. The primary distinction between trend and momentum trading is that the former seeks to profit from the rapid fluctuations of the market while the latter does not always need holding for the duration of the trend. Additionally, because momentum traders are attempting to both time and predict the direction of the market, they frequently have tighter stop losses. which means they don’t want positions to run against them much at all in the beginning.

Several momentum theories based on price action include: 

  • RSI and MACD as momentum measures.
  • Volume bursts to determine momentum.
  • Openings in gaps indicate momentum.
  • Channels, pennants, and flags display bursts of momentum.


While there are various approaches to trading markets, price action trading is a very popular choice. Traders may fall victim to trading based only on hope if they lack objective knowledge of price action, as opposed to evaluating price activity on the chart and taking appropriate action. It is highly advised that you research price action and become well-versed in the underlying principles.

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